Birth defects and several other bodily defects caused by accidents or certain health conditions require restoration via specialized techniques performed under expert supervision. Plastic and reconstructive surgeries are performed to correct defects and restore the functioning and appearance of body parts like the face, nose, neck, limbs, and others. There are specific plastic surgeries performed for treating certain health conditions.
1. Breast reconstruction or reduction
Breast reconstruction is mostly performed after a mastectomy or lumpectomy, and breast reduction is ideal for women who have large breasts that often cause back problems. It’s also performed on women with other health conditions due to breast issues and to treat breast cancer. Along with providing the desired shape and size, breast reconstruction or reduction restores health.
2. Facial surgery
One can get their septum repaired, undergo complete treatment of skin cancer scars, and also get treatment for migraines with rhinoplasty and unique facial plastic surgeries for specific health conditions. Surgery helps restore the functions of the neck, reduces shoulder and neck pain, and promotes comfortable breathing. Restoring neck deformities also helps one swallow food easily.
3. Limb preservation surgery
Choosing this exclusive restoration surgery helps restore one’s limbs if there’s a possibility of losing them due to cancer, trauma, or infection. Even the possibility of losing limbs due to severe conditions like peripheral vascular disease is addressed with limb preservation techniques. The chances of depending on amputation can be reduced to a great extent with this plastic surgery.
4. Microsurgery or flap procedures
These specialized surgeries are exclusively performed to replace body parts damaged due to injury or a serious disease like cancer. The flap is tethered to its original soft tissue flap along the overlying skin to heal the wound area and promote proper blood supply.
5. Craniofacial surgery
Craniofacial abnormalities are birth defects of the bones on the face and the skull. These abnormalities can occur due to major accidents, and comprehensive treatment is required under close supervision to restore the facial features to their original condition. Traumatic facial injuries, vascular irregularities and lesions of the face, and several other facial deformities are corrected and restored with this procedure.
6. Tummy tuck
Abdominoplasty helps restore the shape and functioning of the abdomen by removing excess fat. It also helps restore weakened muscles and promotes health and a good posture. That said, it’s not an alternative for a weight loss program.
This branch of reconstructive surgery includes plastic surgeries to tighten a loose vagina caused by childbirth and specific reproductive health conditions. Labiaplasty can also be performed with vaginoplasty to correct the shape of the labia to achieve a symmetrical shape and improve sexual performance.
8. Sarcoma surgery
Limbs and bones affected by cancer, specifically bone cancer, are restored by performing specialized limb-sparing procedures that remove the tumor without amputation. It’s also done to treat musculoskeletal cancers using 3D printing and customized surgical implants to remove tumors and restore limb function.