Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a condition where the immune system attacks the central nervous system. It results in nerves losing the ability to send signals, causing symptoms like weakness, trembling, and other symptoms. It is believed that elements like lack of good gut bacteria, deficiencies of vitamins, and lack of nutrients are some of the reasons behind this disease.
A good diet can help in managing the symptoms of MS better. There are certain foods that help improve immunity that should be a part of the diet. Other foods that worsen the symptoms of MS should be avoided. Read on to know more.
Foods To eat
One of the key dietary tips for multiple sclerosis is to include healthy and nutritious foods. Some of the foods to eat for MS are mentioned below.
1. Probiotics and prebiotics
Probiotics are foods containing good bacteria that promote digestion. Healthy digestion is beneficial for good health. Good bacteria ensure that pathogens are kept under control, preventing infections. Good bacteria also boosts immunity. Probiotics that contain good bacteria like yogurt, tempeh, kefir, and sauerkraut must be a part of the diet. Prebiotics help nourish gut bacteria. Foods containing prebiotics like asparagus, leeks, artichokes, garlic, and onions must be a part of the diet.
Fiber helps in ensuring good digestion and good bowel movements. It also helps to prevent weight gain. It has other benefits like reducing blood pressure and keeps blood sugar levels under control. Foods rich in fiber like fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, legumes, and whole grain must form a major part of the diet. This helps in improving immunity.
Biotin or vitamin B is believed to help reduce symptoms of MS. It is found in foods like eggs, beef liver, sunflower seeds, almonds, broccoli, and spinach.
4. Vitamin D
Studies have shown that people with a high level of vitamin D are at less risk of developing MS. It also helps avoid bone problems. Vitamin D is found in fatty fish like salmon, tuna, and mackerel. It is also found in beef liver and fortified milk products and orange juice.
Foods to avoid
The foods listed below can worsen the symptoms of MS and must be strictly avoided.
1. Foods containing saturated fats, trans fats, and hydrogenated oils. This includes snacks and processed foods.
2. Sodium in salt can worsen the symptoms of MS. Adding extra salt should be avoided. Salty snacks and foods should be limited.
3. Sugar is another food that aggravates MS symptoms and can cause inflammation. Sugary beverages, desserts, and any foods with high sugar levels should be avoided.
If the patient has a problem with gluten, it is advisable to avoid gluten foods like wheat, barley, and rye.
- Consumption of caffeine should be limited.
- Alcohol consumption should be avoided.