Nasal polyps are growths in the nasal cavity or sinus that causes breathing problems and other symptoms. Even though they are non-cancerous, they can cause complications, which is why they need treatment. The article lists the various treatment options for nasal polyps.
Nasal polyps are non-cancerous growth in the nasal cavities or the sinuses. It is believed that they develop due to inflammation. When they are small, they cause no symptoms. If they grow, they block the nose/sinuses and can lead to allergy or asthma symptoms.
If not treated, the polyps can cause complications like sleep apnea, persistent blocked nose, breathing problems, and recurrent sinus infections.
One of the main treatment options for nasal polyps is the use of medications. Medication can help shrink the polyps. The medications used include the following.
Corticosteroids help reduce or shrink polyps in the nose. Usually, they are given in the form of nasal sprays. Fluticasone, Beclomethasone, and Mometasone are commonly prescribed. If they are not effective, then they may be prescribed as injections or oral medications. Prednisone is commonly used as an oral corticosteroid. Steroids can have side effects and are given in a limited way.
- Other medications
Another medication Dupilumab may be given if the nasal polyps are causing chronic sinusitis. Antihistamines may be given in case of allergies. Antibiotics may be given for infections.
When medications do not provide results, and when the polyps are larger, surgery may be needed. Usually, endoscopic surgery is done where an endoscope is inserted into the nose. It would have a camera enabling the doctor to get a clear view of the polyp.
Instruments are attached to the endoscope to help the doctor remove the polyps from the nose. In severe cases, bones may need to be removed to open up blockages in the nasal cavities. It is usually an outpatient procedure that does not require hospitalization.
Follow-up medications would be needed until the area is healed. Nasal corticosteroids are prescribed for use to prevent the regrowth of the polyp. Saline sprays or rinses can help in quick healing of the wounds.
3. Home remedies
When the polyp is smaller in size and does not cause severe complications, many home or natural remedies can help in treatment, including the following.
Tea tree oil helps provide relief from the allergy-related symptoms caused by nasal polyps.
Steam inhalation at home can help provide relief from a blocked nose. A steam bath can also be beneficial in dealing with nasal and sinus blockages.
Use of a humidifier at home is recommended to avoid the circulation of dry air, worsening the symptoms.
In some people, deficiency of vitamin D can lead to aggravation of symptoms. Vitamin D supplements can help improve immunity.
The article has listed out all the treatment options for nasal polyps. Getting treated can ensure relief from the troublesome symptoms of this condition.